API Links - March 2013

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News on breastfeeding and celiac disease, reality TV, differential parenting, and much more ...

Editor's Picks

Empathy at Home
Five tips for how parents can start fun conversations at home about empathy.

The Real Breastfeeding Scandal
The real scandal is not breastfeeding late, but that too many moms don't get the support needed to breastfeed early - or to keep breastfeeding, should they want to.

Parents Who Praise Effort Can Bolster Children's Persistence and Self-Belief
Toddlers who receive praise of their efforts, such as "you worked hard on that," rather than praise of their personal qualities, such as "you're a good girl," are more likely to prefer challenging tasks and to believe that hard work can improve intelligence and personality.

Attachment versus Attachment Parenting
"So what is the real premise of attachment theory and attachment parenting? It's responsiveness. It's listening to your child and responding to his or her needs. And early in life, all your child has are needs. As your child ages, there will be wants mixed in, but believe it or not, most things that will cause them distress will be needs. And in this we must remember that their needs will be very different from our own and we must not place adult expectations of what they can and cannot handle on our children."

Attached at the Heart - Now at a SPECIAL PRICE!

This is a must-read for every new parent. At this price, you can afford to give a copy to all your expectant friends!

Prepare for Pregnancy, Birth, and Parenting

Parents' Singing to Fetus and Newborn Enhances Their Well-Being, Parent-Infant Attachment, and Soothability
"In light of all that has been learned about babies, I think we can combine it all into a simple approach to enhance bonding, soothe the baby, empower parents with their own unique tool that no one else, even the experts, can do as well as they."

Postpartum Anxiety More Common Than Depression
Postpartum anxiety is more common than depression in the days and months following delivery and is associated with adverse maternal heath outcomes and reduced duration of breastfeeding.

Preconception Health and Health Care
Preconception health and health care focuses on taking steps now to protect the health of a baby in the future. However, preconception health is important for all women and men, whether or not they plan to have a baby one day.

"Laborist" Obstetrical Care Improves Pregnancy Outcomes
Shifting from a traditional model of obstetrical care to a laborist model improves pregnancy outcomes.

Outcomes of Care in Birth Centers: Demonstration of a Durable Model
The safety and effectiveness of birth-center care have been demonstrated in previous studies, including the National Birth Center Study and the San Diego Birth Center Study.

Alanis Morissette

Beautiful and touching.

Feed with Love and Respect

"More Work Needed" on Breastfeeding in Scotland
Extra work is needed to encourage more women to breastfeed, according to the Scottish government.

Save the Children Calls for Increased Breastfeeding in First Hour after Birth
Save the Children recently released a brand-new breastfeeding report, "Superfood for Babies," which says that 830,000 babies' lives can be saved worldwide if they are breastfed within the critical first hour after birth.

New Jersey Promoting Breastfeeding As Beneficial to Infants
New proposed guidelines for New Jersey hospitals would promote breastfeeding for the state's new mothers.

Ireland: "If You Are a Baby-Friendly Hospital, Breastfeeding Should Be the Norm"
Who would have thought that you'd need to set up a baby-friendly hospital initiative in maternity hospitals across the world? Well, that’s exactly what the World Health Organisation and Unicef did in 1991 because they felt that the campaign to increase breastfeeding rates wasn't going anywhere if hospitals weren't supportive of breastfeeding.

Breastfeeding Benefits for Mom
Researchers have found that women who breastfeed their babies have significantly reduced rates of ovarian cancer in a study that extends what was known about the beneficial effects of breastfeeding on mothers.

Modifying Infant's Diet May Reduce Celiac Disease Risk
Celiac disease is much more common in Sweden than in the rest of Europe and the United States and may be prevented by gradually introducing gluten-containing foods to breastfeeding infants.

API Reads - Relaunch!

Please join us for our relaunch of the API Reads program with the book by Dr. Laura Markham, Peaceful Parent, Happy Kids: How to Stop Yelling and Start Connecting. This online discussion happens through the API Forum, so you must have a forum account to participate. It's free! To register for an account, please contact our Forum Administrator.
Click here to see the start of the discussion.


Connection between Dirty Diapers and Childhood Health
Cesarean sections and breastfeeding can have lifelong effects on a baby's health, and researchers may have uncovered why.

A New Framework for Childhood Health Promotion: The Role of Policies and Programs in Building Capacity and Foundations of Early Childhood Health
Although the connection between early life experiences and later health is becoming increasingly clear, what is needed, now, is a new organizing framework for childhood health promotion, grounded in the latest science. A key factor in optimizing health in early childhood is building capacities of parents and communities.

Practice Positive Discipline

How Effective Are Tactics Used on TV Shows to Treat Troubled Teens?
Terrifying teens by making them lie in coffins, forcing them to spend a night on a frigid street or a bare prison cell - these harsh measures are used in reality shows in an attempt to put delinquents back on the straight and narrow. But the strategies may make for better TV than treatment. (See CAFETY below.)

Community Alliance for the Ethical Treatment of Youth
Community Alliance for the Ethical Treatment of Youth (CAFETY) is a member-driven advocacy organization, led and driven by those with direct experience in residential care as youth and our allies. Their mission is to promote and secure the human rights of youth in or at risk of residential placement. They empower their members to become effective leaders in this movement for the ethical treatment of struggling youth and impactful educators and advocates for social and policy change.

Strive for Balance in Personal and Family Life

Helicopter Parenting Can Violate Students' Basic Needs
When is it time for parents to back away? A new study shows that college students with overcontrolling parents are more likely to be depressed and less satisfied with their lives. This so-called helicopter parenting style negatively affects students' well-being by violating their need to feel both autonomous and competent.

Decade-Long Study Shows Educating Parents Key to Preventing Emotional Disorders
In the longest running study of its kind, researchers have evaluated the long-term effects of early intervention on the prevention of internalising disorders in children, such as anxiety or depression.

Online or Off, Bullying Proves Harmful
Children who are bullied online or by mobile phone are just as likely to skip school or consider suicide as kids who are physically bullied.

Differential Parenting Found to Negatively Affect Whole Family, Even the Favored Child
Parents act differently with different children - for example, being more positive with one child and more negative with another. A new longitudinal study has found that this behavior negatively affects not only the child who receives more negative feedback, but all the children in the family. The study also found that the more risks experienced by parents, the more likely they will treat their children differentially.

Parents Talking about Their Own Drug Use to Children Could Be Detrimental
Parents know that one day they will have to talk to their children about drug use. The hardest part is to decide whether or not talking about one's own drug use will be useful in communicating an antidrug message. Recent research has found that children whose parents did not disclose drug use but delivered a strong antidrug message were more likely to exhibit antidrug attitudes.


Dear Supporter,

I just dropped off my 14-year-old daughter smack-dab in the middle of South by Southwest.

Ever heard of it? It's the largest music event of its kind in the world. Somewhere around, oh, 250,000 people have descended on our city of Austin, Texas, this week.

Musicians, filmmakers, environmentalists, technology geeks, marketers, roadies, managers, event coordinators, caterers, twenty-somethings, and tons of every other possible kind of professional (and wannabe professional) involved with music, film, technology, education, and the environment.

Today my daughter had a function to attend one block away from the heart of the event.

I pulled up at a red light - as close as I could get before facing barricaded streets, but still blocks from her destination - and she jumped out with a smile and a wave, crossing confidently across the street in front of my car, eager to brave the throngs of hipster, tattooed, dreadlocked music fans while making her way to her venue. She didn't look back.

My mommy heart skipped a beat.

Who says Attachment Parenting breeds dependence or promotes helicopter parenting?


They've never encountered my kids … or just about any other older kids I know who were raised by AP parents.

(To be completely honest, I *did* call the adult who'd organized the event to make sure my daughter made it safe and sound. I may promote my children's independence, but I'm a bit too neurotic not to check to make sure they're safe!)


This week we have news on

- postpartum anxiety and birth models in Prepare for Pregnancy, Birth, and Parenting,

- breastfeeding benefits and baby-friendly hospitals in Feed with Love and Respect,  

- reality television and the ethical treatment of youth in Practice Positive Discipline,

- helicopter parenting, bullying, and parental drug use in Strive for Balance in Personal and Family Life, and

- childhood health in our Special Section. 

Please extend a warm welcome to our new Leader Carolyn Reilly Sheehan, API of West Denver, Colorado. Welcome, Carolyn!

Camille North,
API Links Editor

Please let us know what you like and what could be better about Links.

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Photos by Xuan Che (Casbr) from here and here.

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